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  • Writer's pictureMarina Diambri

Understanding Student Suspension in Illinois: Rights and Procedures

Updated: Mar 5

By: Marina Diambri

students rights regarding school suspensions
Students Rights Regarding School Suspensions

As an Illinois education law attorney, and a school suspension attorney, I understand that student suspensions can be a complex and sensitive issue. Schools have the responsibility to maintain a safe and productive learning environment, but they must also ensure that disciplinary measures are fair and equitable. In Illinois, like in many other states, there are laws and regulations in place to govern student suspensions and protect the rights of students.


First and foremost, it's important to understand that schools in Illinois can suspend students for a variety of reasons, including behavioral infractions, violence, drug possession, and other serious offenses. However, there are also strict guidelines that schools must follow when imposing a suspension.


One of the key principles of Illinois education law is that students have a right to due process. This means that before a student can be suspended, they must be given notice of the charges against them and an opportunity to present their side of the story. This can include a formal hearing where the student can present evidence and witnesses on their behalf.


Additionally, Illinois law prohibits schools from imposing long-term suspensions (more than 10 consecutive days) or expulsions without providing the student and their parents or guardians with a full hearing. This hearing must be conducted by a neutral party, and the student must be given the opportunity to challenge the evidence against them and present their own evidence and witnesses.


It's also worth noting that students with disabilities are entitled to additional protections under both federal and state law. For example, if a student's behavior is a result of their disability, schools may be required to provide them with accommodations or support services rather than disciplining them.


As an education law attorney, my role is to advocate for students and ensure that their rights are protected throughout the disciplinary process. This may involve representing students at suspension hearings, negotiating with school administrators on their behalf, or, if necessary, filing appeals or lawsuits to challenge unfair or unlawful disciplinary actions.


Ultimately, the goal is to ensure that all students have the opportunity to receive a quality education in a safe and supportive environment, regardless of their background or circumstances. By upholding the principles of due process and fairness in student discipline, we can help to achieve this goal and promote positive outcomes for students across Illinois.


In Illinois, student suspension is governed by state laws, as well as by policies established by individual school districts. While the specific procedures may vary slightly between districts, there are certain fundamental principles that apply statewide. Let's explore some key aspects of student suspension in Illinois:


1. Grounds for Suspension:

Schools in Illinois may suspend students for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to:

  • Violation of school rules or policies

  • Disruptive behavior

  • Physical violence or threats

  • Drug or alcohol possession

  • Weapons possession

  • Chronic truancy


2. Due Process Rights:

Students have certain due process rights when facing suspension, including:

  • Notice of the charges against them

  • Opportunity to present their side of the story

  • Right to be represented by a parent, guardian, or attorney

  • Right to appeal the suspension decision


3. Length of Suspension:

The length of a suspension can vary depending on the severity of the offense and the school's policies. In some cases, students may face short-term suspensions (e.g., one to three days) for minor infractions, while more serious offenses may result in long-term suspensions or even expulsion.


4. Alternative Education:

In Illinois, students who are suspended from school are entitled to receive alternative education services to ensure they continue their academic progress during the suspension period. This may include assignments to be completed at home, online learning options, or placement in an alternative school program.


5. Special Education Considerations:

Students with disabilities who are subject to suspension are entitled to certain protections under federal law, including the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Schools must follow specific procedures when suspending students with disabilities, including conducting a manifestation determination review to determine if the behavior in question is related to the student's disability.


6. Appeal Process:

If a student or parent disagrees with a suspension decision, they have the right to appeal the decision through the school's established procedures. This may involve submitting a written appeal to the school principal or superintendent and participating in a hearing to present evidence and arguments in support of their case.


7. Legal Representation:

In cases where a student is facing suspension for a serious offense or where there are concerns about due process violations, it may be advisable to seek legal representation from an education law attorney. An attorney can help protect the student's rights, navigate the appeals process, and advocate for a fair outcome.


It's important for students and parents to be proactive in understanding their rights and advocating for fair treatment in the suspension process. By being informed and assertive, students can help ensure that their educational rights are protected and that they have the opportunity to address any allegations or concerns effectively. If you have questions or concerns about student suspension in Illinois, don't hesitate to seek guidance from Marina Diambri, a qualified education law attorney.

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