top of page
  • Writer's pictureMarina Diambri

Understanding Section 504 Plans: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents

Does your student or you qualify for a Section 504 plan?
Section 504 Plan for the Educational Environment


In the realm of education law, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a crucial piece of legislation designed to ensure that students with disabilities have equal access to educational opportunities. While many are familiar with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which governs special education services, Section 504 is often less understood. In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of Section 504 Plans, exploring what they are, who is eligible, and how they are implemented.

What is a Section 504 Plan?

A Section 504 Plan is a customized accommodation plan designed to meet the individual needs of students with disabilities who do not qualify for special education services under IDEA but still require accommodations to access education. Section 504 prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities by entities that receive federal funding, including public schools. Therefore, schools must provide reasonable accommodations to students with disabilities to ensure they have equal access to educational programs and activities.

Who is Eligible for a Section 504 Plan?

To be eligible for a Section 504 Plan, a student must meet the following criteria:

  1. Have a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, such as learning, walking, seeing, hearing, or speaking.

  2. Require accommodations or modifications to participate in school activities and programs on an equal basis with their peers.

It's important to note that the definition of disability under Section 504 is broader than that under IDEA, encompassing not only students with specific learning disabilities but also those with medical conditions, mental health disorders, and other impairments that substantially limit major life activities.

Developing a Section 504 Plan:

The process of developing a Section 504 Plan typically involves the following steps:

  1. Evaluation: The school conducts an evaluation to determine if the student meets the criteria for eligibility under Section 504. This evaluation may include reviewing medical records, conducting assessments, and gathering input from parents, teachers, and other professionals.

  2. Eligibility Determination: Based on the evaluation results, a determination is made regarding the student's eligibility for a Section 504 Plan. If the student meets the criteria, a Section 504 team, which may include parents, teachers, school administrators, and related service providers, convenes to develop the plan.

  3. Plan Development: The Section 504 team collaborates to develop a customized plan that outlines the student's specific needs and the accommodations and services necessary to address those needs. These accommodations may include modifications to the curriculum, changes to the physical environment, assistive technology, additional time for assignments or tests, and other supports as deemed appropriate.

  4. Implementation: Once the Section 504 Plan is developed, it is implemented by the school staff, who are responsible for ensuring that the accommodations and services outlined in the plan are provided to the student as needed.

  5. Monitoring and Review: The Section 504 Plan is periodically reviewed to assess its effectiveness and make any necessary adjustments based on the student's progress and changing needs.

Rights and Protections under Section 504:

Students who are eligible for Section 504 accommodations are entitled to certain rights and protections, including:

  • Equal access to educational programs and activities

  • The right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE)

  • Protection against discrimination based on disability

  • The right to an impartial hearing if there is a dispute regarding the provision of accommodations or services

It's important for parents and educators to familiarize themselves with these rights and protections to ensure that students with disabilities receive the support they need to succeed in school.

Accommodations and Modifications:

Section 504 accommodations and modifications in schools are tailored to meet the individual needs of students with disabilities while ensuring they have equal access to educational programs and activities. Here are some examples of common accommodations and modifications:

  1. Extended Time on Assignments and Tests:

  • Students with disabilities may require additional time to complete assignments or tests due to difficulties with processing information, writing, or reading. Providing extended time allows these students to demonstrate their knowledge and skills without the added pressure of time constraints.

  1. Preferential Seating:

  • Some students benefit from sitting in specific locations within the classroom to minimize distractions or facilitate communication with the teacher. Preferential seating arrangements may include sitting near the front of the classroom, away from distractions such as doors or windows, or next to a peer who can provide assistance as needed.

  1. Modified Assignments and Assessments:

  • Teachers may modify assignments and assessments to better align with the individual needs and abilities of students with disabilities. This may involve simplifying instructions, providing alternative formats (e.g., audio recordings or visual aids), or adjusting the content or length of assignments and tests.

  1. Use of Assistive Technology:

  • Assistive technology tools and devices can help students with disabilities access educational materials, participate in classroom activities, and demonstrate their learning. Examples of assistive technology include screen readers, speech-to-text software, calculators with large buttons, and electronic organizers.

  1. Breaks and Movement Opportunities:

  • Some students benefit from frequent breaks or movement opportunities to help them stay focused and regulate their energy levels throughout the school day. Teachers can incorporate short breaks, movement breaks, or sensory activities into the daily schedule to support these students' needs.

  1. Alternative Instructional Strategies:

  • Teachers may employ alternative instructional strategies to accommodate students with disabilities and address their diverse learning styles and preferences. This may include providing visual aids, hands-on activities, interactive learning experiences, and multisensory instruction to enhance comprehension and engagement.

  1. Communication Supports:

  • Students with communication disorders or language barriers may require additional supports to effectively communicate with teachers and peers. Schools can provide communication devices, picture schedules, visual aids, sign language interpreters, or language translation services to facilitate communication and participation in classroom activities.

  1. Behavior Supports:

  • For students with behavioral challenges or emotional disabilities, schools may implement behavior intervention plans or positive behavior supports to address problem behaviors and promote appropriate conduct in the classroom. This may involve establishing clear expectations, providing incentives for positive behavior, and implementing strategies to de-escalate conflicts or prevent disruptive behaviors.

These are just a few examples of the accommodations and modifications that schools may implement to support students with disabilities under Section 504. It's important for educators to work collaboratively with parents, students, and other members of the Section 504 team to identify and implement appropriate supports that meet the individual needs of each student.


Section 504 Plans play a vital role in ensuring that students with disabilities have equal access to educational opportunities. By providing customized accommodations and supports, Section 504 Plans help students overcome barriers to learning and participate fully in school activities and programs. By understanding the eligibility criteria, development process, and rights and protections afforded under Section 504, parents and educators can work together to ensure that students with disabilities receive the support they need to thrive academically and socially.


bottom of page